Frequently Asked Questions

Click on a question to get the answer:

A: The Equity Crowdfunding Start-Up Exemption allows qualified businesses to raise up to $250,000 by issuing securities to investors.

A: Equity crowdfunding is a mechanism that enables broad groups of investors to fund start-up companies and small businesses in return for equity. Investors give money to a business and receive ownership of a small piece of that business.

A: Anyone resident in a participating jurisdiction (BC, SK, MB, QU, NB, NS) and over the age of eighteen (18) is allowed to invest up to a total of $1,500 per year in one or more companies featured on this or other equity crowdfunding platforms.

A: No, you will not lose the securities sold to you in a start-up crowdfunding offering if you later decide to move outside of a participating jurisdiction province. What's important is that you were a resident of a participating jurisdiction at the time the securities were sold to you. Where you live subsequent to that sale does not matter. You will still own those securities.

A: No. Only businesses residing in a participating jurisdiction (BC, SK, MB, QU, NB, NS) may raise capital under the Equity Crowdfunding Start-Up Exemption.

A: You can raise up to $250,000 per offering under this exemption. Your company, and all promoters, directors, officers and control persons related to the company, may not use this exemption more than twice in a calendar year. This means your group can raise an aggregate total of up to $500,000 in a calendar year utilizing this exemption in two separate offerings for either the same issuer or two separate issuers. There cannot be any concurrent offering by you or any other company for the same project under this exemption. You can however, rely on other private placement exemptions such as the accredited investor or offering memorandum exemption during the year to raise additional capital if required.

A: You can offer common shares, preferred shares, debentures, convertible debentures, bonds, partnership units, limited partnership units, promissory notes and any other security instrument other than derivative type securities.

A: To use the Equity Crowdfunding Start-up Exemption you must:

  • Use an online funding portal to sell your securities;

  • Prepare an offering document using the format, and providing the information in, Form 1 - Start-up Crowdfunding - Offering Document;

  • Not pay a commission or other amounts to your promoters, directors, officers, control persons, employees or agents for the offering (you may however pay a fee or a commission to the online funding portal); and

  • Report your sales in each participating jurisdictions where you sold securities and the jurisdiction where your head office is located on Form 45-106F1, or Form 45-106F6 if in BC, within 30 days of the offering’s close and file a copy of the offering document; and

  • Provide a confirmation notice to each investor who purchased securities including the following information:

    • date of subscription and the closing date of the distribution;
    • quantity and description of securities purchased;
    • price paid per security; and
    • total commission, fee and other amount paid by the issuer to the funding portal in respect of the start-up crowdfunding distribution.

All of the Start-up Crowdfunding forms are set-up to be easily understood without the need of the assistance of a lawyer or other professional to complete them. These forms are short and require only the minimum information necessary for accurate disclosure.

The participating jurisdictions expects that issuers and portals will expand on the minimum disclosure necessary as investors request more information and best practice norms emerge organically from the equity crowdfunding community.

A: Funding portals offering securities of issuers under the Equity Crowdfunding Start-up Exemption may be operated by either:

  • funding portals operated by persons relying on the start-up registration exemption;

  • funding portals operated by restricted dealers under the Integrated Crowdfunding Exemption;

  • funding portals operated by registered dealers

A funding portal intending to rely on the start-up registration exemption must deliver certain forms to regulators at least 30 days before starting operations. These forms are:

  • Form 3 Start-up Crowdfunding Funding Portal Information Form (8 page PDF Form);

  • Form 4 - Start-up Crowdfunding – Funding Portal Individual Information Form for each promoter, director, officer and control person of the owner of the portal (8 page PDF Form).

  • other documents regulators may request

Documents that may be requested include:

  • Organizing documents of the funding portal (articles and certificate of incorporation or partnership agreement);

  • Business registration numbers and documents that support the funding portal’s process;

  • Procedure for handling of funds and meeting other conditions of the start-up

  • Crowdfunding Exemption.

Portals who are licensed to operate under the Start-up Crowdfunding Exemption are not subject to the “know your client” and “client suitability” rules imposed on registered dealers. They are however subject to certain other requirements such as:

  • The head office of the portal is in Canada;

  • A majority of the portal’s directors are Canadian residents;

  • The portal is not registered under Canadian securities legislation;

  • The portal cannot be related to businesses making offerings through them;

  • The portal must ensure that both the issuer and the investor have an address in a participating jurisdiction;

  • The portal must not allow an investment until the investor acknowledges that they are accessing the website of a funding portal which is not registered under Canadian securities legislation and which provides no advice about the suitability or the merits of the investment, and the investor acknowledges that they have read and understood the offering document and risk warning made available on the funding portal;

  • The portal must not provide advice to potential investors;

  • Funds received for an offering through the portal must be held separate from the funding portal's property, in trust for the investors until the close or abandonment of the offering;

  • The portal must not release funds to the issuer until the minimum amount to close the offering has been reached; and

  • The portal must provide the issuer with each investor's name, address, telephone number, email address and the details of the purchase within 15 days of closing the offering.

Portals may receive a fee or a commission based on the amount raised for their services.

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